A financial investment is always characterized by at least three competing goals: these are liquidity, yield and security. No single investment can offer high yield, a high level of liquidity and the greatest security all at the same time. Investors have to choose one or two of these goals, or rather prioritize one aspect more than the others. For example, a savings account offers high security and high liquidity but little interest. Share or equity funds, on the other hand, can achieve high returns and have a high level of liquidity, but investors must accept greater risk. And then there’s real estate: this may be a safe investment but can’t be sold again as quickly. So it has low liquidity. With the magic triangle of investment, investors can have a clear view of the most important aspects of an investment. At the same time, they can also use the magic triangle to prioritize their personal investment goal.
The “magic triangle” of financial investments
Investors can have different goals for their financial investments. Investors need to decide which goal is most important for them. There are always three competing goals: liquidity, yield and security. It is impossible to achieve all three at once. The magic triangle of financial investments illustrates this conflict of interest.